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Types Of Crop To Start A Garden: Sow Or Plant

Creating a green space in the home is a decision that not only benefits the design, style and decoration of the property, but is also one more step to commit to caring for the environment. This is better explained if we consider that by having some plants we can purify the air, refresh the environment and prevent the spread of dust.

Before starting the project of having a garden at home, we must know that there are certain details that allow us to grow these fruits or vegetables. Specifically, there is a big difference between “planting” and “sowing”, that although in both processes we obtain a plant, each one has specific characteristics that influence the successful care and maintenance of the garden.

What is the difference between “sowing” and “planting”?

An allusion is made to the act of sowing when we are going to use seeds to obtain a plant. This process begins from the selection of seeds, sowing, irrigation determined according to the type of seed and germination that results in the seedling or baby plant.

On the other hand, the planting process refers to placing a plant or the part that is already grown and that allows the development of roots into the direct soil or into a pot. It should be noted that in this case seeds are not used, so no sowing is done.

How to start a garden at home?

As already mentioned, there are two ways to start creating a garden at home :

  1. Sowing the seeds.
  2. Planting the already grown plants.

We are going to begin to specify the measures to follow when using the seed sowing process, where we must keep in mind that patience and perseverance will be essential to ensure that they germinate. Above all, do not let yourself be overcome by frustration, given that around 65% of the seeds will not germinate due to different circumstances. This is natural and does not mean that you are doing something wrong. The only thing to consider when not all the seeds germinate is to replant and continue the garden process.

Now, to make the seed come out of the ground and become a seedling or baby plant, it is vital to know how seeds germinate and grow. In the first instance, high quality seeds must be chosen , purchased from a reputable brand and that they can be correctly adapted to the area and environment of our home.

Another aspect of seeds is that their germination occurs under specific conditions regarding the conservation of humidity in the soil, level of oxygen, light and the appropriate temperature for their growth, although these factors depend on each type of seed, for example , there are seeds that need light to grow and germinate, although most require keeping them underground in total darkness. However, to start planting, a space where there is light most of the time is recommended.

So, to achieve successful germination of seeds, it is important to take care of the different elements mentioned, since if the soil is very humid or compact, the seeds cannot breathe due to lack of oxygen. Likewise, if the ideal temperature range for the type of species is not maintained, they are damaged or simply do not germinate. In any case, here you can consult germination to understand everything that happens before a seed can germinate.

Sowing a seed step by step

In the process of sowing seeds you have to be patient and follow the following steps:

  1. To start, it is essential to wash your hands properly before touching the seeds.
  2. The substrate must be moistened very well , evenly, as dry areas will make the germination process difficult. A test to know if it is ready is to perform a test verifying that it can dissolve easily by touch.
  3. If sowing is to be done directly into the ground, a hole must be made in the ground twice the size of the seed. For example, if the seed measures 3 mm, the hole should be 6 mm from the surface of the seed. the earth or substrate. It is important that the soil is removed because this will soften it and allow it to “aerate” for better germination.
  4. Then, we must place 3 seeds from the chosen envelope. If the seed is very small, we can help ourselves with a wooden stick or tweezers to place it in its place, always taking care of it. Larger seeds can be placed only on the substrate so as not to make their germination process more difficult.
  5. Now we must cover the holes with earth. We are going to place a layer of soil delicately, with the help of a wooden stick, or gently with our finger, without pressing too hard to let it breathe.
  6. Afterwards, you must water the sowing very carefully so as not to move the seed from its place, preferably with a watering can or sprayer with water. Be careful, you should not pour too much liquid.
  7. When the seeds have germinated, only the strongest or healthiest one should be left in place and the other two weaker ones removed.

For indirect sowing in a seedbed, the instructions must be followed correctly, following steps 2 to 6 of this list and waiting 10 to 20 days to see the seedlings. The mixture of peat moss and compost for germination should also be placed in each planting hole.

Once they are strong, with a stem and several small leaves visible, they must be placed directly in the ground, with great care and a distance between one seedling and another, taking as a reference the size of the fruit it will have. Taking care of this space is important, since each germinated seed will need its own nutrients, so separating them correctly will help them not compete with each other for nutrients, water and air.

The simplest crops to start a garden by sowing seeds are:

  • Pea .
  • Lettuce .
  • Spinach .
  • Basil .
  • Onion .
  • Cilantro .
  • Parsley .
  • Garlic.
  • Carrot .
  • Asparagus .

Planting seedlings or plants

To start a garden or make it grow, it is best to plant species that are already grown or seedlings, which are baby plants, since by doing so we ensure that 95% of them develop.

We must remember that these plants come from seeds that have already germinated, which means that they overcame that first great challenge. Consequently, the care processes are less intense and specific, since these species have already put out their first leaves in the case of seedlings or are already mature as is the case with formed plants.

The planting process is also recommended because we can select the different plants already grown, with flowers of the color we want, the size and many more characteristics to decorate our home.

In this sense, it should be mentioned that the steps to plant are very simple, since we only have to do the following:

  1. Make a hole in the ground, directly in the garden, the size of the base of the pot that contains it.
  2. Then, we must place a bed of compost soil as a base to receive the root of the plant, nourish it and help it grow more.
  3. To remove the plant from the pot, you have to be very careful, place it upside down and grab it by the lower part of the stem so that it is easier to remove it, without damaging its leaves. We can loosen the soil and roots a little by inserting our hand into the container, trying to make it lose the shape of the pot in order to free the roots a little.
  4. It is also important to ensure that the root is not exposed to the air for too long and to water carefully.

It should be noted that some of the easiest options to grow to start a garden for the first time are:

  • Vegetable.
  • Tomatoes.
  • Peppers.
  • Strawberries.
  • Eggplants.
  • Lettuces.
  • Chard.
  • Spinach.

Aromatic and medicinal plants:

  • Spearmint .
  • Rosemary .
  • Thyme .
  • Basil .
  • Mint .
  • Chamomile.
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